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What is Obstetric?

Obstetric is the medical specialty dealing with the care of all women's reproductive tracts and their children during pregnancy (prenatal period), childbirth and the postnatal period.

Complications and emergencies

The main emergencies include:

  • Ectopic pregnancy is when an embryo implants in the Fallopian tube or (rarely) on the ovary or inside the peritoneal cavity. This may cause massive internal bleeding.
  • Pre-eclampsia is a disease which is defined by a combination of signs and symptoms that are related to maternal hypertension. The cause is unknown, and markers are being sought to predict its development from the earliest stages of pregnancy. Some unknown factors cause vascular damage in the endothelium, causing hypertension. If severe, it progresses to eclampsia, where a convulsions occur, which can be fatal. Preeclamptic patients with the HELLP syndrome show liver failure and Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
  • Placental abruption where the patient can bleed to death if not managed appropriately.
  • Fetal distress where the fetus is getting compromised in the uterine environment.
  • Shoulder dystocia where one of the fetus' shoulders becomes stuck during vaginal birth, especially in macrosomic babies of diabetic mothers.
  • Uterine rupture can occur during obstructed labor and endangered fetal and maternal life.
  • Prolapsed cord refers to the prolapse of the fetal cord during labor with the risk of fetal suffocation.
  • Obstetrical hemorrhage may be due to a number of factors such as placenta previa, uterine rupture or tears, uterine atony, retained placenta or placental fragments, or bleeding disorders.
  • Puerperal sepsis is a progressed infection of the uterus during or after labor.

    The ANC/MCH Clinic which is part of the Maternity ward caters for the antenatal mothers and children below the age of five. The services offered here include:
  • Antenatal care
  • Child welfare and Immunization
  • PMTCT services
  • Mother to Mother services.
  • Natural Family Planning

In order to prevent mother to child transmission, there is a PMCT Programme which has an uptake of over 90%. The program was started in 2004 has been very successful in saving newborns from the AIDs pandemic. More than 98% of mothers who go through our PMCT program get HIV negative babies; confirmed at 18th months.

The Mother to Mother program is a support program for the mothers who test HIV positive at the ANC clinic. They are encouraged and mentored by HIV positive mothers who have gone through the same fate and gotten HIV negative babies.

During Antenatal visits mothers are taught physical exercises by our Physiotherapist and also given health talks by the nurses.

  • Our clinic is on every Tuesday and Thursday.





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